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Law, Technology and Culture
Administered By: NJIT History Faculty of the Federated History Department
lawtechandculture
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Administration
2
Chairperson sgp
Director alefkovi

Administration
Chairperson Stephen G. Pemberton
Director Alison Lefkovitz

Faculty
5
Distinguished Professor sher
Associate Professor maher,sgp
Assistant Professors alefkovi
University Lecturers henry,theo,walshd,nocks
Adjunct Instructor tuttle

Faculty
Distinguished Professor Richard B. Sher
Associate Professor Neil M. Maher, Stephen G. Pemberton
Assistant Professors Alison Lefkovitz
University Lecturers Rolanne Henry, Theodore L. Nicholson, Diana Walsh, Lisa Nocks
Adjunct Instructor Marion Tuttle
 

The B.A. program in Law, Technology and Culture represents the new focal point for pre-law education at NJIT, preparing students for careers in law and law-related areas of business and government, as well as for further graduate study in various disciplines. Although administered by the History faculty at NJIT, the program draws upon a wide array of NJIT and Rutgers-Newark courses in different academic disciplines, including history, STS, philosophy, engineering, management, environmental science and policy, information technology, criminal justice, and political science. By combining features of traditional liberal arts pre-law programs with the study of law in relation to growing technological fields-Internet and media law, intellectual property law (including patent law), environmental law (including both earth and space), and health law and bioethics - the B.A. in Law, Technology and Culture meets the need for a new kind of undergraduate law education that is attuned to the complexities of the modern world.

Major Requirements

The major in Law, Technology and Culture (LTC) requires 123 credits:

  1. 51 credits of major courses with a grade of C or higher, taken from the following four categories:

  1. 9 credits of legal foundations core courses, which treat aspects of the law in relation to history, philosophy, business, and basic principles of jurisprudence and legal thought, writing, and research: Hist 369 Law and Society in History; Hist 364 American Law and the World; MGMT 290 Legal Environment of Business; Phil 300 Philosophy of Law and Social Justice; SS 300 Basic Principles of Law and the Judicial System; and STS 300 Legal Reasoning, Writing, and Technology or R790:304 Introduction to Law and Legal Research..

  2. 12 credits of LTC core courses, which treat the history, policy, and practice of law in relation to engineering, environment, health, information technology, and media: Hist 370 Legal Issues in the History of Media; Hist 375 Legal Issues in Environmental History; Hist 378 Medicine and Health Law in Modern America; IE 447 Legal Aspects of Engineering; and IT 400 Information Technology and the Law.

  3. 24 credits of law-related electives and other approved courses offered at NJIT and Rutgers-Newark that fit each student's special interests. Examples include Hist 373 International Law and Diplomatic History; IE 472 Product Liability Engineering: R202:201 Introduction to Criminal Justice; R202:305 Case Processing: Law and Courts; R512:365, 366 American Legal History I and II; R512:379 U.S. History in the Courts; R790:356 Sex Law and Public Policy; R790:367 Jurisprudence and Legal Theory; R790:381 Judicial Process; R790:387 International Law; R790:401, 402 American Constitutional Law and Politics I and II; R790:409 Law and Public Policy (writing intensive); R920:349 Law and Society.

Note: Students who wish to pursue a specialty in law in relation to a specific scientific, technological, environmental, medical, or media field (such as health policy or intellectual property on the Internet), legal field (such as environmental law, criminal law, or international law), or interdisciplinary thematic field (such as gender studies) may count up to 9 credits of approved course work in that field toward the electives requirement for the major. For example, a student interested in environmental law might take Hist 344: Environmental History of North America and 6 credits of courses in environmental science and/or environmental policy for elective course credit in the major.

d. 6 credits of focused senior coursework: HSS 404: Senior Seminar in Law, Technology and Culture, in which students prepare a project or write a thesis in a relevant field, and HIST 310: Co-Op in Law, Technology and Culture, which provides a hands-on, law-related experience as an intern in a law firm, non-profit or government agency, science-or technology-based corporation, or other relevant organization.

2. 48 credits (minimum) of General University requirements, including 6 credits in English composition (Hum 101 and Hum 102); 3 credits in cultural history (Hist 213 or another 200-level history course at Rutgers-Newark); 7 credits in the natural sciences; 6 credits in the social sciences; 3 credits in computer/information science; 6-7 credits in mathematics, including one course in statistics; 3 credits in management: Mgmt 390; and 2 credits of physical education.

3. 36 credits of free electives.

Patent Law Curriculum (124 credits minimum)

The curriculum for students interested in pursuing a career as a patent attorney or patent examiner differs from the standard curriculum in Law, Technology and Culture in the following ways:

  1. All students take Math 111 to fulfill the GUR in calculus (4 cr.)

  2. Students apply (a) 7-8 credits of the Natural Sciences GUR, (b) up to 9 credits of Law, Technology and Culture electives, and (c) up to 24 credits of Free Electives in order to fulfill one of the following options (as mandated by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office):

    1. Physics Option (24 cr.): 24 credits of approved physics courses.

    2. Biology Option (32 cr.): 8 credits of approved chemistry or physics courses and 24 credits of approved courses in biology, botany, microbiology, or molecular biology.

    3. Chemistry Option (30 cr.): 30 credits of approved chemistry courses.

    4. Science/Engineering Option (40 cr.): 8 credits of approved chemistry or physics courses and 32 credits of approved courses in chemistry, physics, biology, botany, microbiology, molecular biology, or engineering.

Accelerated Pre-Law Curriculum with Seton Hall School of Law (105 credits at NJIT + the first year at Seton Hall School of Law)

The accelerated pre-law curriculum in Law, Technology and Culture differs from the standard curriculum in the following ways:

  1. Students take a total of 105 credits at NJIT during three years of study. The B.A. is granted from NJIT after successful completion of the first year of law school.

  2. In order to complete all NJIT course requirements in their three years at NJIT, students take 12 of their required 105 credits during the summers after their first and second years or as an overload during fall and spring semesters.

  3. Students take 6 credits of free electives instead of 24.

  4. Students fulfill all the requirements of the Albert Dorman Honors College, and an honors level of scholarship is expected in projects or theses submitted in HSS 404.

6
B. A. in Law, Technology and Culture 123 credits minimum 9
 
B. A. in Law, Technology and Culture (123 credits minimum)
FIRST YEAR:

1st Semester: (16-17 credits)

This curriculum represents the maximum number of credits per semester for which a student is advised to register.  A full-time credit load is 12 credits.  First-year students are placed in a curriculum that positions them for success which may result in additional time needed to complete curriculum requirements. Continuing students should consult with their academic advisor to determine the appropriate credit load.

hum101,{math101|math111|math131},cs100,{Elective;Natural Sciences with Lab:GUR;3-1-4},mgmt290,frshsem
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
 Math 101Foundations of Mathematics for the Liberal Arts (3-0-3) or
 Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4) or
 Math 131Calculus A (4-1-4)
  CS 100Roadmap to Computing (3-0-3)
  Elective (Natural Sciences with Lab:GUR) (3-1-4) 
  Mgmt 290Business Law I (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Social Science: GUR;3-0-3},hum102,math105,{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Natural Science GUR;3-0-3}
  Elective (Social Science: GUR) (3-0-3) 
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  Math 105Elementary Probability and Statistics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Natural Science GUR) (3-0-3) 
SECOND YEAR:

1st Semester: (16 credits)

{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Cultural History;3-0-3},{Elective;Social Sciences Elective;3-0-3},{Elective;Free Elective;3-0-3},{Phys Ed; Physical Education:GUR;0-1-1}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Cultural History) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Social Sciences Elective) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free Elective) (3-0-3) 
  Phys Ed (Physical Education:GUR) (0-1-1) 
2nd Semester: (16 credits) {Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Legal Foundations;3-0-3},{Elective;Physical Education;0-1-1}
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Physical Education) (0-1-1) 
THIRD YEAR:

1st Semester: (15 credits)

{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective; Legal Foundations;3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 
FOURTH YEAR:

1st Semester: (15 credits)

{Focused Sr. Coursework;Hist 310:Co-op in LTC & Hist;3-0-3},{Focused Sr. Cousework;HSS 404 LTC Senior Seminar:GUR;3-0-3},{mgmt390|hrm301},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Focused Sr. Coursework (Hist 310:Co-op in LTC & Hist) (3-0-3) 
  Focused Sr. Cousework (HSS 404 LTC Senior Seminar:GUR) (3-0-3) 
 Mgmt 390Principles of Management (3-0-3) or
 HRM 301Organizational Behavior (3-0-3)
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 

Electives:

Law, Technology and Culture (21 credits): Students select electives from among a pre-approved list of law-related courses and other relevant courses. In consultation with an advisor, up to 9 credits may be elected from courses not on the pre-approved electives list.

Free (24 credits): Students select appropriate electives in consultation with the Law, Technology and Culture major advisor.

Natural Sciences GUR (7 credits): Course work totaling 7 credits in any of the following disciplines: biology, botany, chemistry, geology, and physics. Students may take a sequence of courses in one of these disciplines or courses in different disciplines. Laboratory credit must be included in the 7 credits.

Physical Education GUR (2 credits): Students who register as full-time undergraduates for two or more consecutive semesters must take two PE courses, one of which must be a 100-level fitness core course.

BS Double Major in Biology and Law, Technology and Culture 128 credits minimum 10
 
BS Double Major in Biology and Law, Technology and Culture (128 credits minimum)

Students may earn a second major in addition to their primary major in Law, Technology and Culture (LTC). Three approved fields for double majors with the LTC major are the Biology (B.S. or B. A.) majors, the Chemistry (B.S.) major, and the Physics (B.S.) major.  Completion is usually feasible within four years of full-time study.  The purpose of these double majors is to ensure that students interested in pursuing careers as patent agents or patent lawyers will find themselves fully prepared for this promising and expanding profession.  Any student who completes one of these double majors will be able to approach the patent bar —the exam that allows anyone with a B.S. or sufficient specialized credits to become a patent examiner—with confidence about both the technical questions (through the biology, chemistry or physics majors) and the legal premises by which patents are granted (through the LTC major).  The preparation for a patent examiner requires no further education.   Furthermore, this course of study will prepare students to continue on to law school.  The double major, and the evidence it gives that these students can analyze technical and legal material, makes these students particularly appealing to law schools.  It will also qualify them to eventually become patent attorneys.

Contact an LTC advisor in the Department of History for additional information. For general rules about double majors, see Degree Options in the Academic Policies and Procedures section of this catalog.

The degree plans for double majors in Biology, Chemistry and Physics are listed below.

FIRST YEAR:


1st semester:

This curriculum represents the maximum number of credits per semester for which a student is advised to register.  A full-time credit load is 12 credits.  First-year students are placed in a curriculum that positions them for success which may result in additional time needed to complete curriculum requirements. Continuing students should consult with their academic advisor to determine the appropriate credit load.

biol200,{chem121|chem125},math111,hum101,bnfo135,frshsem
  Biol 200Concepts in Biology (4-0-4)
 Chem 121Fundamentals of Chemical Principles I (3-0-3) or
 Chem 125General Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4)
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
  BNFO 135Programming for Bioinformatics (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd?semester: {R120:201;Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology (3-0-3)},{R120:202;Foundations of Biology: Lab (3-0-3)},chem124,{chem122|chem126},math112,hum102,PE
  R120:201 (Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology (3-0-3)) 
  R120:202 (Foundations of Biology: Lab (3-0-3)) 
  Chem 124General Chemistry Laboratory (0-2-1)
 Chem 122Fundamentals of Chemical Principles II (3-0-3) or
 Chem 126General Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Math 112Calculus II (4-1-4)
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  PE 
SECOND YEAR:
1st?semester: biol205,biol206,chem243,phys111,phys111A,math211,bnfo136
  Biol 205Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution Lecture (3-0-3)
  Biol 206Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution Lab (0-3-1)
  Chem 243Organic Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111Physics I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111APhysics I Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Math 211Calculus III A (3-0-3)
  BNFO 136Programming for Bioinformatics II (3-0-3)
2nd?semester: chem244,chem244A,phys121,phys121A,{Cognate;Math 3 or 4)},mgmt290,PE
  Chem 244Organic Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Chem 244AOrganic Chemistry II Laboratory (0-4-2)
  Phys 121Physics II (3-0-3)
  Phys 121APhysics II Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Cognate (Math 3 or 4)) 
  Mgmt 290Business Law I (3-0-3)
  PE 
THIRD YEAR:
1st?semester: {BIOL Elective;Functional Laboratory Elective (3-0-3)},{BIOL Elective;Cluster Elective (3-0-3)},math333,hist213,{Elective;Legal Foundations Elective (3-0-3)}
  BIOL Elective (Functional Laboratory Elective (3-0-3)) 
  BIOL Elective (Cluster Elective (3-0-3)) 
  Math 333Probability and Statistics (3-0-3)
  Hist 213 The Twentieth-Century World (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations Elective (3-0-3)) 
2nd?semester: {BIOL Elective;Laboratory Elective (3-0-3)),{BIOL Elective;Cluster Elective (3-0-3)},mgmt390, {Elective;HSS Upper level GUR (3-0-3)},ie447
  BIOL Elective (Laboratory Elective (3-0-3))) 
  BIOL Elective (Cluster Elective (3-0-3)) 
  Mgmt 390Principles of Management (3-0-3)
  Elective (HSS Upper level GUR (3-0-3)) 
  IE 447Legal Aspects of Engineering (3-0-3)
FOURTH YEAR:
1st?semester: {BIOL Elective;Laboratory 3-0-3},hist378,hist310,{it400|it331|it332},{Elective;Legal Foundations Elective 3-0-3}
  BIOL Elective (Laboratory 3-0-3) 
  Hist 378Medicine and Health Law in Modern America (3-0-3)
  Hist 310Co-op in Law, Technology, Culture & History I (3-0-3)
 IT 400Information Technology and the Law (3-3-3) or
 IT 331Privacy and Information Technology (3-0-3) or
 IT 332Digital Crime (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations Elective 3-0-3) 
2nd?semester: {Biol Elective;Biology Elective 3-0-3},{BIOL Elective;Biology Elective 3-0-3},hss404,{Elective;Legal Foundations Elective 3-0-3},{hist375|evsc325|R790:382}
  Biol Elective (Biology Elective 3-0-3) 
  BIOL Elective (Biology Elective 3-0-3) 
  HSS 404Humanities Senior Seminar - History (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations Elective 3-0-3) 
 Hist 375Legal Issues in Environmental History (3-0-3) or
 EvSc 325Energy and Environment (3-0-3) or
 R790:382Environmental Politics and Policy (3)
BA Double Major in Biology and Law, Technology & Culture 124 credits minimum 8
 
BA Double Major in Biology and Law, Technology & Culture (124 credits minimum)
FIRST YEAR:
1st semester:

biol200,{chem121|chem125},math138,hum101,bnfo135,frshsem
  Biol 200Concepts in Biology (4-0-4)
 Chem 121Fundamentals of Chemical Principles I (3-0-3) or
 Chem 125General Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Math 138General Calculus I (3-0-3)
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
  BNFO 135Programming for Bioinformatics (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd?semester:

{R120:201;Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology 3-0-3},{R120:202; Foundations of Biology: Lab 3-0-3},chem124,{chem122|chem126},math238,hum102,{Phys Ed;Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1}
  R120:201 (Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology 3-0-3) 
  R120:202 ( Foundations of Biology: Lab 3-0-) 
  Chem 124General Chemistry Laboratory (0-2-1)
 Chem 122Fundamentals of Chemical Principles II (3-0-3) or
 Chem 126General Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Math 238General Calculus II (3-0-3)
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  Phys Ed (Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1) 
SECOND YEAR:
1st semester

biol205,biol206,chem243,phys102,phys102A,hist213,{GUR Elective;Physical Education 0-1-1}
  Biol 205Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution Lecture (3-0-3)
  Biol 206Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution Lab (0-3-1)
  Chem 243Organic Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Phys 102General Physics (3-0-3)
  Phys 102AGeneral Physics Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Hist 213 The Twentieth-Century World (3-0-3)
  GUR Elective (Physical Education 0-1-1) 
2nd?semester:

{Biol Elective;Cluster 3-0-3}, chem244,chem244A,phys103,phys103A,{GUR Elective;Social Science 3-0-3}
  Biol Elective (Cluster 3-0-3) 
  Chem 244Organic Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Chem 244AOrganic Chemistry II Laboratory (0-4-2)
  Phys 103General Physics (3-0-3)
  Phys 103AGeneral Physics Laboratory (0-2-1)
  GUR Elective (Social Science 3-0-3) 
THIRD YEAR:
1st?semester:

{Biol Elective;Functional Laboratory Elective 3-0-3},{Biol Elective;Cluster 3-0-3},mgmt390,ie447,{GUR Elective;HSS Upper Level 3-0-3}
  Biol Elective (Functional Laboratory Elective 3-0-3) 
  Biol Elective (Cluster 3-0-3) 
  Mgmt 390Principles of Management (3-0-3)
  IE 447Legal Aspects of Engineering (3-0-3)
  GUR Elective (HSS Upper Level 3-0-3) 
2nd?semester:

{Biol Elective;Laboratory Elective 3-0-3},{Biol Elective;Biology Elective 3-0-3},hist378,{GUR Elective;HSS Upper Level 3-0-3},{ GUR Elective;Social Science 3-0-3}
  Biol Elective (Laboratory Elective 3-0-3) 
  Biol Elective (Biology Elective 3-0-3) 
  Hist 378Medicine and Health Law in Modern America (3-0-3)
  GUR Elective (HSS Upper Level 3-0-3) 
   GUR Elective (Social Science 3-0-3) 
FOURTH YEAR:
1st?semester:

{Biol Elective;Laboratory Elective 3-0-3},{Biol Elective;Biology Elective 3-0-3},hss404,hist310,{Elective;Legal Foundations Elective HSS 3-0-3}
  Biol Elective (Laboratory Elective 3-0-3) 
  Biol Elective (Biology Elective 3-0-3) 
  HSS 404Humanities Senior Seminar - History (3-0-3)
  Hist 310Co-op in Law, Technology, Culture & History I (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations Elective HSS 3-0-3) 
2nd?semester:

{Elective;Biology 3-0-3},{it400|it331},it332,{hist375|evsc325|R790:382},{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3}{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3}
  Elective (Biology 3-0-3) 
 IT 400Information Technology and the Law (3-3-3) or
 IT 331Privacy and Information Technology (3-0-3)
  IT 332Digital Crime (3-0-3)
 Hist 375Legal Issues in Environmental History (3-0-3) or
 EvSc 325Energy and Environment (3-0-3) or
 R790:382Environmental Politics and Policy (3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3}{Elective) (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3}{Elective) (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
B.S. Double Major in Chemistry and Law, Technology and Culture 125 credits minimum 10
 
B.S. Double Major in Chemistry and Law, Technology and Culture (125 credits minimum)

FIRST YEAR:
1st semester:

This curriculum represents the maximum number of credits per semester for which a student is advised to register.  A full-time credit load is 12 credits.  First-year students are placed in a curriculum that positions them for success which may result in additional time needed to complete curriculum requirements. Continuing students should consult with their academic advisor to determine the appropriate credit load.

{Chem125|chem121},{cs113|bnfo135},hum101,math111,phys111,phys111A,frshsem
 Chem 125General Chemistry I (3-0-3) or
 Chem 121Fundamentals of Chemical Principles I (3-0-3)
 CS 113Introduction to Computer Science (3-0-3) or
 BNFO 135Programming for Bioinformatics (3-0-3)
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
  Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4)
  Phys 111Physics I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111APhysics I Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd?semester:

chem124,{chem122|chem126},math112,phys121,phys121A,hum102,{PE;Physical Education GUR 0-1-1}
  Chem 124General Chemistry Laboratory (0-2-1)
 Chem 122Fundamentals of Chemical Principles II (3-0-3) or
 Chem 126General Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Math 112Calculus II (4-1-4)
  Phys 121Physics II (3-0-3)
  Phys 121APhysics II Laboratory (0-2-1)
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  PE (Physical Education GUR 0-1-1) 
SECOND YEAR:
1st?semester:

chem221,chem222,chem243,math211,hist213,{PE;Physical Education GUR 0-1-1}
  Chem 221Analytical Chemical Methods (0-4-2)
  Chem 222Analytical Chemistry (3-0-3)
  Chem 243Organic Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Math 211Calculus III A (3-0-3)
  Hist 213 The Twentieth-Century World (3-0-3)
  PE (Physical Education GUR 0-1-1) 
2nd?semester:

chem231,chem244,chem244A,eps202,mgmt290,{it400|it331|it332}
  Chem 231Physical Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Chem 244Organic Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Chem 244AOrganic Chemistry II Laboratory (0-4-2)
  EPS 202Society, Technology, and the Environment (3-0-3)
  Mgmt 290Business Law I (3-0-3)
 IT 400Information Technology and the Law (3-3-3) or
 IT 331Privacy and Information Technology (3-0-3) or
 IT 332Digital Crime (3-0-3)
THIRD YEAR:
1st?semester:

chem235,econ201,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},ie447,{hist375|evsc325|R790:382}
  Chem 235Physical Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Econ 201Economics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  IE 447Legal Aspects of Engineering (3-0-3)
 Hist 375Legal Issues in Environmental History (3-0-3) or
 EvSc 325Energy and Environment (3-0-3) or
 R790:382Environmental Politics and Policy (3)
2nd?semester:

chem340,chem336,chem235A,math225,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},hist378
  Chem 340Chemistry and Engineering of Materials (3-0-3)
  Chem 336Physical Chemistry III (3-0-3)
  Chem 235APhysical Chemistry II Laboratory (0-4-2)
  Math 225Survey of Probability and Statistics (1-0-1)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Hist 378Medicine and Health Law in Modern America (3-0-3)
FOURTH YEAR:
1st?semester:

chem473,{chem412|R160:413},hist310,{Elective;Technical 3-0-3},{Elective;Technical 3-0-3}
  Chem 473Biochemistry (3-0-3)
 Chem 412Inorganic Chemistry (3-0-3) or
 R160:413Inorganic Chemistry (3)
  Hist 310Co-op in Law, Technology, Culture & History I (3-0-3)
  Elective (Technical 3-0-3) 
  Elective (Technical 3-0-3) 
2nd?semester:

chem480,{Elective;Management: GUR 3-0-3},hss404,{Elective;Technical 3-0-3},{Elective;Technical 3-0-3}
  Chem 480Instrumental Analysis (0-4-2)
  Elective (Management: GUR 3-0-3) 
  HSS 404Humanities Senior Seminar - History (3-0-3)
  Elective (Technical 3-0-3) 
  Elective (Technical 3-0-3) 
B.S. Double Major in Applied Physics and Law, Technology & Culture - Astronomy Option 127 credits minimum 10
 
B.S. Double Major in Applied Physics and Law, Technology & Culture - Astronomy Option (127 credits minimum)
FIRST YEAR
1st Semester hum101,phys111,phys111A,math111,{cs113|cs115},{chem121|chem125},frshsem
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111Physics I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111APhysics I Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4)
 CS 113Introduction to Computer Science (3-0-3) or
 CS 115Intro. to CS I in C++ (3-0-3)
 Chem 121Fundamentals of Chemical Principles I (3-0-3) or
 Chem 125General Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd Semester:

phys114,phys121,phys121A,math112,{chem122|chem126},chem124,{Elective;Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1}
  Phys 114Introduction to Data Reduction with Applications (3-0-3)
  Phys 121Physics II (3-0-3)
  Phys 121APhysics II Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Math 112Calculus II (4-1-4)
 Chem 122Fundamentals of Chemical Principles II (3-0-3) or
 Chem 126General Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Chem 124General Chemistry Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Elective (Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1) 
SECOND YEAR:
1st Semester:

math211,math225,phys234,phys231A,hist213,hum102,{Elective;Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1}
  Math 211Calculus III A (3-0-3)
  Math 225Survey of Probability and Statistics (1-0-1)
  Phys 234Physics III (3-0-3)
  Phys 231APhysics III Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Hist 213 The Twentieth-Century World (3-0-3)
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  Elective (Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1) 
2nd Semester:

math222,math328,phys335,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3}
  Math 222Differential Equations (4-0-4)
  Math 328Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers (3-0-3)
  Phys 335Introductory Thermodynamics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
THIRD YEAR
Astronomy & Astrophysics Option
1st Semester:

phys418,phys432,phys320,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},phys430
  Phys 418Fundamentals of Optical Imaging (2-2-3)
  Phys 432Electromagnetism I (3-0-3)
  Phys 320Astronomy and Astrophysics I (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Phys 430Classical Mechanics I (3-0-3)
2nd Semester:

phys433,phys321,{Elective;Math 3-0-3},hss404,{it400|it331|it332},hist310
  Phys 433Electromagnetism II (3-0-3)
  Phys 321Astronomy and Astrophysics II (3-0-3)
  Elective (Math 3-0-3) 
  HSS 404Humanities Senior Seminar - History (3-0-3)
 IT 400Information Technology and the Law (3-3-3) or
 IT 331Privacy and Information Technology (3-0-3) or
 IT 332Digital Crime (3-0-3)
  Hist 310Co-op in Law, Technology, Culture & History I (3-0-3)
FOURTH YEAR
Astronomy & Astrophysics Option
1st Semester:

phys420,phys442,{Elective;Math/Physics/CS},ie447,{Elective;Management: GUR 3-0-3}
  Phys 420Special Relativity (3-0-3)
  Phys 442Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Math/Physics/CS) 
  IE 447Legal Aspects of Engineering (3-0-3)
  Elective (Management: GUR 3-0-3) 
2nd Semester:

phys332,phys421,phys450,{hist375|evsc325|R790:382},hist378
  PHYS332 
  Phys 421General Relativity (3-0-3)
  Phys 450Advanced Physics Laboratory (1-4-3)
 Hist 375Legal Issues in Environmental History (3-0-3) or
 EvSc 325Energy and Environment (3-0-3) or
 R790:382Environmental Politics and Policy (3)
  Hist 378Medicine and Health Law in Modern America (3-0-3)
B.S. in Applied Physics and Law, Technology & Culture - Optical Science and Engineering Concentration 127 credits 10
 
B.S. in Applied Physics and Law, Technology & Culture - Optical Science and Engineering Concentration (127 credits)
FIRST YEAR
1st Semester:

hum101,phys111,phys111A,math111,{cs113|cs115},chem125,frshsem
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111Physics I (3-0-3)
  Phys 111APhysics I Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4)
 CS 113Introduction to Computer Science (3-0-3) or
 CS 115Intro. to CS I in C++ (3-0-3)
  Chem 125General Chemistry I (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd Semester:

phys114,phys121,phys121A,math112,chem126,chem124,{Elective;Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1}
  Phys 114Introduction to Data Reduction with Applications (3-0-3)
  Phys 121Physics II (3-0-3)
  Phys 121APhysics II Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Math 112Calculus II (4-1-4)
  Chem 126General Chemistry II (3-0-3)
  Chem 124General Chemistry Laboratory (0-2-1)
  Elective (Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1) 
SECOND YEAR
1st Semester:

math211,math225,phys234,phys231A,hum102,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},{Elective;Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1}
  Math 211Calculus III A (3-0-3)
  Math 225Survey of Probability and Statistics (1-0-1)
  Phys 234Physics III (3-0-3)
  Phys 231APhysics III Laboratory (0-2-1)
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Elective (Physical Education: GUR 0-1-1) 
2nd Semester:

math222,math328,phys335,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},hist213
  Math 222Differential Equations (4-0-4)
  Math 328Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers (3-0-3)
  Phys 335Introductory Thermodynamics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Hist 213 The Twentieth-Century World (3-0-3)
THIRD YEAR

Optical Science Option
1st Semester:

opse301,phys418,phys430,phys432,hist310
  OPSE 301Introduction to Optical Science and Engineering (3-0-3)
  Phys 418Fundamentals of Optical Imaging (2-2-3)
  Phys 430Classical Mechanics I (3-0-3)
  Phys 432Electromagnetism I (3-0-3)
  Hist 310Co-op in Law, Technology, Culture & History I (3-0-3)
2nd Semester:

phys433,phys446,opse402,{Elective;Legal Foundations 3-0-3},hist378,{Elective; Phys/OPSE 3-0-3}
  Phys 433Electromagnetism II (3-0-3)
  Phys 446Solid State Physics (3-0-3)
  OPSE 402High Power Laser and Photonics Applications (3-0-3)
  Elective (Legal Foundations 3-0-3) 
  Hist 378Medicine and Health Law in Modern America (3-0-3)
  Elective ( Phys/OPSE 3-0-) 
FOURTH YEAR
Optical Science Option
1st Semester:

phys442,{it400|it331|it332},{Elective;Management 3-0-3},{hist375|evsc325|R790:382},{Elective;Phys/OPSE/EE 3-0-3}
  Phys 442Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (3-0-3)
 IT 400Information Technology and the Law (3-3-3) or
 IT 331Privacy and Information Technology (3-0-3) or
 IT 332Digital Crime (3-0-3)
  Elective (Management 3-0-3) 
 Hist 375Legal Issues in Environmental History (3-0-3) or
 EvSc 325Energy and Environment (3-0-3) or
 R790:382Environmental Politics and Policy (3)
  Elective (Phys/OPSE/EE 3-0-3) 
2nd Semester:

opse310,phys450,{Elective;Phys/EE 3-0-3},ie447,hss404
  OPSE 310Virtual Instrumentation (3-0-3)
  Phys 450Advanced Physics Laboratory (1-4-3)
  Elective (Phys/EE 3-0-3) 
  IE 447Legal Aspects of Engineering (3-0-3)
  HSS 404Humanities Senior Seminar - History (3-0-3)
 


Catalog and curricula information approved by the relevant academic department.