Law, Technology and Culture
Administered By: NJIT History Faculty of the Federated History Department

Chairperson sher
Director alefkovi

Chairperson Richard B. Sher
Director Alison Lefkovitz

Distinguished Professor sher
Associate Professor maher,sgp
Assistant Professors alefkovi
University Lecturers henry,Theodore Nicholson,walshd,kriis
Adjunct Instructor tuttle

Distinguished Professor Richard B. Sher
Associate Professor Neil M. Maher, Stephen G. Pemberton
Assistant Professors Alison Lefkovitz
University Lecturers Rolanne Henry, Theodore Nicholson, Diana Walsh, Kyle Riismandel
Adjunct Instructor Marion Tuttle

The B.A. program in Law, Technology and Culture represents the new focal point for pre-law education at NJIT, preparing students for careers in law and law-related areas of business and government, as well as for further graduate study in various disciplines. Although administered by the History faculty at NJIT, the program draws upon a wide array of NJIT and Rutgers-Newark courses in different academic disciplines, including history, STS, philosophy, engineering, management, environmental science and policy, information technology, criminal justice, and political science. By combining features of traditional liberal arts pre-law programs with the study of law in relation to growing technological fields-Internet and media law, intellectual property law (including patent law), environmental law (including both earth and space), and health law and bioethics - the B.A. in Law, Technology and Culture meets the need for a new kind of undergraduate law education that is attuned to the complexities of the modern world.

Major Requirements

The major in Law, Technology and Culture (LTC) requires 123 credits:

  1. 51 credits of major courses with a grade of C or higher, taken from the following four categories:

  1. 9 credits of legal foundations core courses, which treat aspects of the law in relation to history, philosophy, business, and basic principles of jurisprudence and legal thought, writing, and research: Hist 369 Law and Society in History; Hist 364 American Law and the World; MGMT 290 Legal Environment of Business; Phil 300 Philosophy of Law and Social Justice; SS 300 Basic Principles of Law and the Judicial System; and STS 300 Legal Reasoning, Writing, and Technology or R790:304 Introduction to Law and Legal Research..

  2. 12 credits of LTC core courses, which treat the history, policy, and practice of law in relation to engineering, environment, health, information technology, and media: Hist 370 Legal Issues in the History of Media; Hist 375 Legal Issues in Environmental History; Hist 378 Medicine and Health Law in Modern America; IE 447 Legal Aspects of Engineering; and IT 400 Information Technology and the Law.

  3. 24 credits of law-related electives and other approved courses offered at NJIT and Rutgers-Newark that fit each student's special interests. Examples include Hist 373 International Law and Diplomatic History; IE 472 Product Liability Engineering: R202:201 Introduction to Criminal Justice; R202:305 Case Processing: Law and Courts; R512:365, 366 American Legal History I and II; R512:379 U.S. History in the Courts; R790:356 Sex Law and Public Policy; R790:367 Jurisprudence and Legal Theory; R790:381 Judicial Process; R790:387 International Law; R790:401, 402 American Constitutional Law and Politics I and II; R790:409 Law and Public Policy (writing intensive); R920:349 Law and Society.

Note: Students who wish to pursue a specialty in law in relation to a specific scientific, technological, environmental, medical, or media field (such as health policy or intellectual property on the Internet), legal field (such as environmental law, criminal law, or international law), or interdisciplinary thematic field (such as gender studies) may count up to 9 credits of approved course work in that field toward the electives requirement for the major. For example, a student interested in environmental law might take Hist 344: Environmental History of North America and 6 credits of courses in environmental science and/or environmental policy for elective course credit in the major.

d. 6 credits of focused senior coursework: HSS 404: Senior Seminar in Law, Technology and Culture, in which students prepare a project or write a thesis in a relevant field, and HIST 310: Co-Op in Law, Technology and Culture, which provides a hands-on, law-related experience as an intern in a law firm, non-profit or government agency, science-or technology-based corporation, or other relevant organization.

2. 48 credits (minimum) of General University requirements, including 6 credits in English composition (Hum 101 and Hum 102); 3 credits in cultural history (Hist 213 or another 200-level history course at Rutgers-Newark); 7 credits in the natural sciences; 6 credits in the social sciences; 3 credits in computer/information science; 6-7 credits in mathematics, including one course in statistics; 3 credits in management: Mgmt 390; and 2 credits of physical education.

3. 36 credits of free electives.

Patent Law Curriculum (124 credits minimum)

The curriculum for students interested in pursuing a career as a patent attorney or patent examiner differs from the standard curriculum in Law, Technology and Culture in the following ways:

  1. All students take Math 111 to fulfill the GUR in calculus (4 cr.)

  2. Students apply (a) 7-8 credits of the Natural Sciences GUR, (b) up to 9 credits of Law, Technology and Culture electives, and (c) up to 24 credits of Free Electives in order to fulfill one of the following options (as mandated by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office):

    1. Physics Option (24 cr.): 24 credits of approved physics courses.

    2. Biology Option (32 cr.): 8 credits of approved chemistry or physics courses and 24 credits of approved courses in biology, botany, microbiology, or molecular biology.

    3. Chemistry Option (30 cr.): 30 credits of approved chemistry courses.

    4. Science/Engineering Option (40 cr.): 8 credits of approved chemistry or physics courses and 32 credits of approved courses in chemistry, physics, biology, botany, microbiology, molecular biology, or engineering.

Accelerated Pre-Law Curriculum with Seton Hall School of Law (105 credits at NJIT + the first year at Seton Hall School of Law)

The accelerated pre-law curriculum in Law, Technology and Culture differs from the standard curriculum in the following ways:

  1. Students take a total of 105 credits at NJIT during three years of study. The B.A. is granted from NJIT after successful completion of the first year of law school.

  2. In order to complete all NJIT course requirements in their three years at NJIT, students take 12 of their required 105 credits during the summers after their first and second years or as an overload during fall and spring semesters.

  3. Students take 6 credits of free electives instead of 24.

  4. Students fulfill all the requirements of the Albert Dorman Honors College, and an honors level of scholarship is expected in projects or theses submitted in HSS 404.

B. A. in Law, Technology and Culture 123 credits minimum 9
B. A. in Law, Technology and Culture (123 credits minimum)

1st Semester: (16-17 credits)

This curriculum represents the maximum number of credits per semester for which a student is advised to register.  A full-time credit load is 12 credits.  First-year students are placed in a curriculum that positions them for success which may result in additional time needed to complete curriculum requirements. Continuing students should consult with their academic advisor to determine the appropriate credit load.

hum101,{math101|math111|math131},cs100,{Elective;Natural Sciences with Lab:GUR;3-1-4},mgmt290,frshsem
  HUM 101English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking I (3-0-3)
 Math 101Foundations of Mathematics for the Liberal Arts (3-0-3) or
 Math 111Calculus I (4-1-4) or
 Math 131Calculus A (4-1-4)
  CS 100Roadmap to Computing (3-0-3)
  Elective (Natural Sciences with Lab:GUR) (3-1-4) 
  Mgmt 290Business Law I (3-0-3)
  Frsh SemFreshman Seminar (1-0-0)
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Social Science: GUR;3-0-3},hum102,math105,{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Natural Science GUR;3-0-3}
  Elective (Social Science: GUR) (3-0-3) 
  HUM 102English Composition: Writing, Speaking, Thinking II (3-0-3)
  Math 105Elementary Probability and Statistics (3-0-3)
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Natural Science GUR) (3-0-3) 

1st Semester: (16 credits)

{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Cultural History;3-0-3},{Elective;Social Sciences Elective;3-0-3},{Elective;Free Elective;3-0-3},{Phys Ed; Physical Education:GUR;0-1-1}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Cultural History) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Social Sciences Elective) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free Elective) (3-0-3) 
  Phys Ed (Physical Education:GUR) (0-1-1) 
2nd Semester: (16 credits) {Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Legal Foundations;3-0-3},{Elective;Physical Education;0-1-1}
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Physical Education) (0-1-1) 

1st Semester: (15 credits)

{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Technology and Culture Core;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Technology and Culture Core) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective; Legal Foundations;3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3},{Elective;Free,3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Legal Foundations) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free,3-0-3) 

1st Semester: (15 credits)

{Focused Sr. Coursework;Hist 310:Co-op in LTC & Hist;3-0-3},{Focused Sr. Cousework;HSS 404 LTC Senior Seminar:GUR;3-0-3},{mgmt390|hrm301},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Focused Sr. Coursework (Hist 310:Co-op in LTC & Hist) (3-0-3) 
  Focused Sr. Cousework (HSS 404 LTC Senior Seminar:GUR) (3-0-3) 
 Mgmt 390Principles of Management (3-0-3) or
 HRM 301Organizational Behavior (3-0-3)
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
2nd Semester: (15 credits) {Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Law Related;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3},{Elective;Free;3-0-3}
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Law Related) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 
  Elective (Free) (3-0-3) 


Law, Technology and Culture (21 credits): Students select electives from among a pre-approved list of law-related courses and other relevant courses. In consultation with an advisor, up to 9 credits may be elected from courses not on the pre-approved electives list.

Free (24 credits): Students select appropriate electives in consultation with the Law, Technology and Culture major advisor.

Natural Sciences GUR (7 credits): Course work totaling 7 credits in any of the following disciplines: biology, botany, chemistry, geology, and physics. Students may take a sequence of courses in one of these disciplines or courses in different disciplines. Laboratory credit must be included in the 7 credits.

Physical Education GUR (2 credits): Students who register as full-time undergraduates for two or more consecutive semesters must take two PE courses, one of which must be a 100-level fitness core course.


Catalog and curricula information approved by the relevant academic department.